Visual Detection of Drones

In our series of blogs on Drone Detection Techniques, passive detection was briefly discussed. Before we move on to a multi sensor drone detection system, it is important to touch upon visual detection as a technique to detect drones which helps in tracking and identification of drones as well.

Passive detection systems depend on detecting UAVs using sensors that do not actively  radiate energy.

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RF Detection while a relatively cost effective option, it suffers from a few limitations. First is its inability to detect autonomous drones which are self-guided and follow a pre-programmed flight path. Therefore, they need not be dependent on the Ground Control Station (GCS) for navigation. This class of drones are more likely to be employed by the Military since they need to operate at extended ranges (few hundreds of kms to even a few thousand kms) from the GCS.
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Solving Challenges to Realistic Opposed Training : Tactical Engagement Simulator (TacSim®)


  1. The field army always aims to train for cutting edge combat readiness. However, achieving the required level of training faces several challenges; like manpower, time, cost, realism, training infrastructure etc.
  2. Realistic training requires a realistic ‘enemy’ that is fully enabled and stands a fair chance of ‘winning’ every contest. However, traditional training is constrained and the enemy is represented notionally by ‘Umpires’, by few troops, few pyrotechnics and possibly rattlers (which too have almost vanished).  There is a stark lack of a capable opponent who fights out every contest.  This absence of ‘enemy’ places a severe handicap for realistic combat training, resulting in ‘Blue always the winner’.  These measures of depicting enemy are very inadequate and are akin to a boxer training only with on punching bag and never with an opponent. On the other hand, it is not feasible to deliver lethal ammunition on troops under training.  Hence, opposing forces continue to train without the lethal impact of the weapons, means and tactics of either side.

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Alleviating Challenges To Training For Small Arms Firing : Zen CISR

Defence forces strive to achieve the highest standards of shooting.  But they face challenges. Challenges such as shortage of firing ranges, cumbersome logistics, long time required to carry out firing practices and lack of realism in firing practices. With increasing urbanization and very high commitment of armed forces, the challenges are further heightened.  It is also very difficult to monitor, record, maintain, collate and analyse the performance of soldiers and units in firing. The result is that many soldiers are unable to carry out adequate firing practice. Continue reading “Alleviating Challenges To Training For Small Arms Firing : Zen CISR”